Role of Honey Bee in Agriculture
ALBERT EINSTEIN ONCE QUOTED AS SAYING, ''IF THE BEE DISAPPEARS FROM THE SURFACE OF THE EARTH, MAN WOULD HAVE NO MORE THAN 4 YEARS TO LIVE.'' It's highly unlikely that Einstein said that.
🐝🐝🐝 The Honey bee - The Farmer's Friend🐝🐝🐝
- The Honeybee plays a key role in the pollination of flowering plants, including crops. 1/3rd of the food we eat depends upon pollination, including almonds, berries, melons and cucumbers.
- Pollination refers to transfer of anther to stigma in flowering plants for sexual reproduction.
- Bees aid in cross pollination in fruits, vegetables, ornamental, cotton,tobacco, sunflower and many other crops.
- Bee pollination helps in uniform seed set, improvement in quality and increase in crop yield.
- While farmers are facing many problems and challenges of providing food for fast growing population, honey bees also facing problems with habit loss, climate change, toxic pesticides and diseases.
- We cannot live without bees, pollinators like bees and butterflies help in pollination approximately of about 75% and roughly 35% of world's food crops including fruits and vegetables.
- Without bees these crops would cease to exist. Bees play very crucial role to our existence as well, so we must work harder to protect and preserve them.
- According to University of Maryland's annual survey since 2006 stated that bee keepers lost 43.7% of their honey bees from April 2019 to April 2020.
- All bee species aid in pollination.
- Value of Honey bees in pollination is 15-20 times higher than that of honey and wax it produces.
- % increase in yield due to bee pollination
- Mustard - 43%
- Sunflower - 32-48%
- Cotton -17-19%
- Lucerne -112%
- Onion - 93%
- Apple - 44%
- Cardamon - 21-37%